Ransomware is a type of malware that renders the data of infected machines unusable and requests payment of a ransom to restore access to such data. It is more precisely a Trojan Horse which, by encrypting the files on the affected computer, requests a ransom afterwards to release the affected files.
Like any profitable business model, even that of ransomware is constantly evolving and the new frontier of ransomware is the usability of the service not only by professional hackers but also by subjects with limited technical knowledge who aim to rob vulnerable users. Such subjects can be even more dangerous than professional hackers, because they can get to know their victims up close, the value of their data and the security level of their systems.
In the dark web, through the TOR network, it is possible to purchase a ransomware service that can be spread to infect their victims, encrypt their documents and obviously, ask for a ransom.
Examples of services of this type are:
A company grows by attracting new customers, looking for growth opportunities and keeping up with the competition by developing better and more convenient products, therefore RaaS-type companies sometimes even have affiliate programs that allow partners to obtain a share of the revenue every time a purchase is made.
It is a frontier to pay a close attention.
1 Abbreviation for malicious software. In the world of computer security, it indicates any program used to disturb the operations performed by a computer user. It was Yisrael Radai who coined the term in 1990.
2 A Trojan Horse indicates a type of malware that hides its operation within another apparently harmless program. By running or installing this program, the user unknowingly activates the code of the hidden Trojan.
3 The dark web is the terminology used to define the contents of the World Wide Web in the darknet that can be reached via the Internet through specific software, configurations and authorization accesses. The dark web is a small part of the deep web, the part of the web that is not indexed by search engines, although sometimes the term deep web is used incorrectly to refer to the dark web only.
4 TOR is the acronym of The Onion Router. A free software based on BSD license that allows anonymous Internet communication based on the onion routing network protocol. Through TOR, it is much more difficult to track a user’s Internet activity, being onion routing aimed at protecting users’ privacy, their freedom and the possibility of conducting confidential communications without being monitored or intercepted.